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    though和although的区别

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    区别:①although和though同义,在一般情况下,可以互换使用。只是though较普遍,常用于非正式的口语或书面语中,而although则较为正式。另外although语气比though重,常用以强调让步概念。

     e.g. Though/Although my car is very old, I don't want to buy a new one. 

     虽然我的汽车很旧,但我不想买一辆新的。

     He insisted on doing it although I warned him not to. 

     虽然我警告他不要做,但他仍然坚持要做。

     ②even能和though组合表示强调,但even不能和although组合。因此,不能说even although,在这里even though=even if(no matter if; though即使……也……) 

     e.g. Even if/Even though we could afford it, we wouldn't go abroad for our vocation.

     即使我们付得起这笔钱,也不出国度假。

     ③当让步状语从句指某种假设情况时,通常用though,而不用although。

     e.g. Though all the world were against me, I should still hold to my opinion. 

     就算全世界都反对我,我还是坚持我的立场。

     Though everybody deserts you, I will not.   即使所有人都抛弃你,我也不会的。

     ④though可以独立用作副词,常放在句末,意为all the same (还是;仍然)或however(可是;然而),而although无此用法。

     e.g. She didn't tell me what she had done, but I know it though. 

     她没有告诉我她所做的事情,但我还是知道了。

     It's hard work. I enjoy it, though. 

     工作很苦,可是我喜欢。

     ⑤though引导让步状语从句时可以倒装,而although从句则不能。

     e.g. Bravely though they fought, they had no chance of winning. 

     虽然他们打得很勇敢,但还是没有机会获胜。

     相同点:①在although和though引导的让步状语从句中,主句里不可用but,若要强调前后两部分的对比意义,可在主句前加yet或still。

     e.g. Although/Though he has a lot of money, yet/still he is unhappy. 

     他虽然有很多钱,但并不幸福。

     ②although和though引导让步状语从句时,常采用省略形式。

     e.g. Although tired (=Although he was tired), he kept on working. 

     虽然很疲劳,但他继续工作。

     The problem, though complicated(=though it is complicated), can be solved without much difficulty.   这个问题虽然复杂,但解决起来不会有很大困难。

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